Interim Agreement Oslo Ii

By September 24, 2021 Uncategorized No Comments

The interim agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, commonly known as Oslo II or Oslo 2, was an important and complex agreement in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. As Oslo II was signed in Taba, it is sometimes referred to as the Taba Agreement. The Oslo Accords provided for the establishment of interim Palestinian autonomy in the Palestinian territories, but did not promise an independent Palestinian state. Oslo II created Zones A, B and C in the West Bank. The Palestinian Authority has been given a number of limited competences and responsibilities in Areas A and B and the prospect of negotiating a final settlement on the basis of Security Council resolutions 242 and 338. The agreement was officially signed on 28 September 1995. including Articles XXIX-XXXI: provisions relating to the security of the transit of persons and the safety of passengers between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, coordination between Israel and the Council with regard to transit to and from Egypt and Jordan, as well as all other agreed international crossing points, then the final provisions relating to the signing of the agreement and its implementation, that the Gaza-Jericho agreement (May 1994), the preparatory agreement on transfers (August 1994) and the protocol on onward transfer (August 1995) be replaced by this agreement, the need and date of the negotiations on sustainable status, and that: the preamble to the agreement speaks of peaceful coexistence, mutual dignity and security, while recognizing the mutual legitimate and political rights of the parties. One of the objectives of the Israeli-Palestinian negotiations is to establish, for a transitional period of up to five years, an interim palestinian self-governing authority for the Palestinian people of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, which will lead to a lasting settlement based on Security Council resolutions 242 and 338. Discussion on the release of Palestinian prisoners, agreement on annexes and attached maps and start of the transfer from Israel. The agreement builds on the foundations of the original Oslo I Agreement, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, formally signed by Israel and the PLO on September 13, 1993, Prime Minister Rabin and Chairman Arafat in Washington, D.C, which have been officially attested by the United States and Russia. The Interim Agreement consists of more than 300 pages of 5 “chapters” containing 31 “articles” and 7 “annexes” and 9 “maps”.

The agreement has a `preamble` that acknowledges its roots in previous diplomatic efforts under UN Security Council Resolution 242 (1967) and UN Security Council Resolution 338 (1973), the 1991 Madrid Conference and other previous agreements. Most importantly, the agreement recognizes the establishment of an “interim Palestinian Administrative Authority,” namely an elected council called “the Council” or the Palestinian Council. The Oslo II Accords are considered interim agreements, as they should serve as a basis for further negotiations and as a prelude to a possible comprehensive peace agreement. Several additional agreements were reached after Oslo II, but negotiations did not result in a final peace agreement. The 2002 road map for peace abandoned the Oslo Accords and provided for a rather lax withdrawal programme. This agreement, also known as the Taba Agreement, demanded Israeli withdrawal from various Palestinian territories and extended Palestinian autonomy. It has divided the West Bank and Gaza into three territories controlled either by Israel, the Palestinians or the Palestinian Civil Authority, under Israeli military control. Oslo II also authorized the Palestinian elections that took place in 1996. In addition to other provisions, the agreement also provided for “safe passage” for Palestinians traveling between Gaza and the Wet Bank, although Israel is allowed to legally close crossings into Israel if deemed necessary.

As soon as possible, but no later than 4 Permanent status negotiations, which would lead to the implementation of Security Council resolutions 242 and 338 and the resolution of all major issues, would begin on 1 May 1996. [1] See also the Oslo I Accords (Declaration of Principles on Provisional Self-Management Arrangements). . . .