All of these agreements are based on the concept of shared responsibility. Responsibility-sharing agreements are reciprocal. Under each agreement, partner countries make concessions to their social security qualification rules so that those covered by the agreement have access to payments that they may not be eligible for. The responsibility for social security is thus distributed among the countries in which a person has lived during his or her working years and where the person is able to obtain potential rights. In general, it is possible to access a pension from one country in the second country, although the paying country retains some discretion with regard to the exchange and delivery mechanisms used. This table is just a general guide. More detailed information about U.S. benefits can be found here on our website or at any U.S. Social Security office. More detailed information about the Spanish system can be found by contacting the Spanish address at “More Information” or by visiting the website of the Spanish Social Security System at www.seg-social.es. Australia currently has 31 bilateral international social security agreements.
The Data Protection Act requires us to inform you that we are entitled to collect this information until Section 233 of the Social Security Act. Although it is not mandatory for you to provide the information to the Social Security Administration (SSA), a coverage certificate can only be issued if an application has been received. The information is necessary to enable the SSA to determine whether, in accordance with an international agreement, the work should only be covered by the U.S. social security system. Without the certificate, work can be taxed in both the United States and foreign social security schemes. According to the agreement, when you work as a worker in the United States, you are generally covered by the United States, and you and your employer pay social security taxes only in the United States. When you work as a worker in Spain, you are usually covered by Spain and you and your employer pay social security taxes only to Spain. To qualify for U.S.
or Spanish benefits as part of the agreement, follow the instructions below “Rights to Benefits.” Note As shown in the table, an American worker employed in Spain can only be covered by U.S. Social Security if he or she works for an American employer. A U.S. employer includes a company organized under U.S. or state law, a partnership if at least two-thirds of the partners are based in the United States, a person residing in the United States, or a fiduciary company if all directors are based in the United States. It is also a foreign subsidiary of an American.