The possibility that workers may be affected by different regulatory flows makes the current distribution difficult to calculate; For example, part of their payment and conditions may be governed by allowances and part by another form of agreement. Table 4.2 gives some notes. This suggests that the proportion of employees who paid the exact premium rate in 2006 was relatively low – 19 percent.5 What were the most important alternatives to bonuses? The category of registered individual contracts, especially AWA nationwide, was of little importance (3.1%). A large category was that of unregistered individual agreements, which included 31.7% of workers, but this is probably a heterogeneous group composed of certain workers in an unregulated field governed mainly by individual contracts under the common law, as well as certain workers whose wages are determined primarily by attribution or agreement, however, they receive an additional payment from their employer. known as super-drawing. After that, we recorded collective agreements that represented 38.1% of the workforce. These data do not distinguish between registered collective agreements between unions and non-union members, but it is likely that there are many more union agreements. Unions representing teachers internationally have sought to use collective bargaining as a means of making it a legal reality. At the same time, higher education has grown rapidly in almost every country since the 1960s. Higher education has moved from a small, relatively elitist and autonomous education and research system in many countries to its current status as a large industry offering mass education.
Higher education must now continuously respond to the perceived needs of the state`s economic, labour market and education policies, as a result of increased use of market mechanisms and private contributions from students (tuition fees) and businesses (to fund research). . . .